Main Article Content
The article is devoted to the relationship between the Soviet government and religion, which was expressed on the pages of periodicals. Based on press materials, the evolution of the Bolsheviks' struggle with religion and the clergy is shown. It is indicated that the fight against religion was closely connected with the foundations of the traditional way of life and the introduction of new forms of social consciousness through the periodical press.
- 1. Karakum ishan (Kutly Khoja ishan) is one of the major representatives of Sufism of the 19th century. in Karakalpakstan. His name is associated with the fact that he built mosques (the latter on sandy terrain, hence the name Karakum), formed a large educational center (madrasah), which became famous and popular during the time of his sons and grandsons. The madrasah was liquidated at the end of the 1920s. For more details, see: Karlybaev M. Madrasah in Karakalpakstan in the 19th - early 20th centuries. – N., 2002.
- 2. CSA of the Republic of Karakalpakstan (CSA RK), f. R-551, op. 1, d. 147, l. 38.
- 3. Central State Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan, f. 13, op. 1, d. 38, l. 4.
- 4. Central State Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan, f. 5, op. 6, d. 70b, l. 18.
- 5. Central State Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan, f. R-551, op. 1, d. 342, l. 7.
- 6. In 1929, the anti-Soviet movement intensified on the territory of Karakalpakstan, the apogee of which was the Takhtkupir uprising in September 1929. This movement was led by representatives of the Muslim clergy. For more details, see: Allaniyazov T. “Counter-revolution” in Kazakhstan: Chimbay variant. – Almaty, 1999; Dauletova G. Takhtakupir uprising of 1929. Author's abstract. diss. Ph.D. Sci. – Nukus, 2001.
- 7. Babashev Sh. Dөҳmet degishi. – Nukus, 2009. P. 3.
- 8. Nurzhanov S. The press of Karakalpakstan in the 30s of the twentieth century and mass consciousness. //O'zbekiston tarixi, 2016, No. 1, p. 38.
- 9. Central State Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan, f. R-551, op. 2, d. 378, l. 15.
- 10. Qizil Qaraqalpaqstan, 1935, January 2.
- 11. Batpan is a measure of weight equal to 131 kg.
- 12. Soviet Karakalpakstan. 1937, May 9.
- 13. Soviet Karakalpakstan. 1937, May 26.
- 14. Ubaydulla Bakhauatdinov (Khan Maksym) is one of the leaders of the people's liberation movement of the 1917-1920s. in the Chimbaysky district. He was arrested several times by the Soviet authorities for “counter-revolutionary activities” (1921, 1929), returned from exile (1934) and lived for some time with his family in the Turtkul region. Due to constant persecution and threats from the authorities, he fled to the territory of Turkmenistan. Died in 1956.
- 15. Qizil Qaraqalpaqstan, 1938, April 5.
- 16. Soviet Karakalpakstan, 1937, May 4.
- 17. Soviet Karakalpakstan, 1938, April 2.
- 18. Elmuratova A. – Nukus, 1994. pp. 33-35.
- 19. Qizil Qaraqalpaqstan, 1939, October 11.