Social and Economic Reality of Rural Women in the Lower Euphrates Region during the Iraqi Kingdom Era (1921-1958)

  • Ahlam Mohi Naoum Al-Rikabi College of Basic Education, Wasit University, Iraq
Keywords: rural women, monarchy, Lower Euphrates


Rural women in the Lower Euphrates region of southern Iraq face profound hardships, dwelling in primitive shelters unable to shield them from harsh weather. Wars, displacement, and societal neglect exacerbate their plight, compounded by restrictive tribal customs. Denied education due to societal backwardness and gender norms, they lack basic literacy and healthcare, resorting to traditional remedies when ill. Feudalistic political structures further oppress rural life, trapping farmers in poverty, with agriculture as their sole income source. Women, integral to rural society, shoulder agricultural and domestic responsibilities, yet remain under male authority throughout their lives, reinforcing their dependence on men. This pervasive patriarchal control stifles their autonomy, relegating them to subordinate roles despite their indispensable contributions to rural life. Despite bearing the majority of rural life's burdens, they are marginalized from leadership and politics, underscoring the entrenched gender inequalities perpetuated by tribal customs and societal norms.


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How to Cite
Al-Rikabi, A. M. N. (2024). Social and Economic Reality of Rural Women in the Lower Euphrates Region during the Iraqi Kingdom Era (1921-1958). Central Asian Journal of Social Sciences and History, 5(3), 34-43.