Problems in Women’s Access to Freedom of Expression and Peaceful Assembly in the Kyrgyz Society

  • Aikanysh Eshnazarova Human and Economic Geography, Ankara University
Keywords: Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, Gender, March 8, 2020


arious activities such as conferences, panels, meetings and marches are held around the world for 8 March International Women's Day. The purpose of these activities is to draw the attention of society and policy makers to current issues such as women's rights, gender inequality, violence against women, and the obstacles faced by women due to tradition. Thus, it is demanded to produce solutions and finally to get rid of these problems. Such activities are carried out within the framework of the fundamental rights of people, namely freedom of expression and freedom of assembly. In this respect, on March 8, 2020, Kyrgyz women's rights defenders and activists held a solidarity march at the Victory Square in Bishkek on the grounds that the traditions practiced in the Kyrgyz society devalues women and produce violence against them. However, the organizers and participants of this march were attacked by a group of masked men wearing Kyrgyz traditional hats, and the march terminated. Nearly 70 women participants, including the march organizers, were arrested by the police and taken to the police station.

This shows that to what extent freedom of expression and the right to peaceful assembly is protected in the country and whether gender inequality is seen as a problem by policy makers. This study aims to critically examine the prevention of the ‘No to Violence Against Women’ and ‘Bride Kidnapping is a Crime’ march held in the capital Bishkek on March 8, 2020, and the detention of participants who joined this march in the context of freedom of expression and gender.


Ahmet Bahce, Abdullah Demir. İfade özgürlüğünün teorik boyutu ve Türk hukukunda ifade özgürlüğü (theoretical dimension of freedom of expression and freedom of expression in Turkish law). Eurasian Journal of Researches in Social and Economics. 2015; 4(2): 41-80.

Aikokul Ibrayeva. The attack, “the remnants of the bourgeoisie” and the working women of the east. Feminism in SSSR and Kyrgyzstan. KLOOP. 2021;

American BAR Association Center for Human Rights. Насилие по отношению к женщинам в Кыргызстане: препятствия в получении доступа к правосудию, права на справедливое судебное разбирательство и право на свободу мирных собраний (Violence against women in Kyrgyzstan: obstacle to access to justice, rights to a fair trial and the right to freedom of peaceful assembly). 2020; 1-11,

Aristoteles. On the soul. Translated by Zeki Ozcan, Alfa Publisher. 2000; Istanbul.

Asylai Akisheva. Women’s rights in the new Kyrgyz constitution. Verfassungsblog On Matters Constitutional. 2021;

Britanica Dictionary.

Constitution of Kyrgyz Republic. 1993, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2010, Bishkek.

Human Rights Watch. Кыргызстан: задержания активистов за права женщин (Kyrgyzstan: detentions of women's rights activists). 2020a;

Human Rights Watch. Kyrgyzstan: women’s activists detained. 2020b;

Kamila Baimuratova. Жогорку сот аялдардын маршы боюнча иштин сот чечимдерин жокко чыгарды (The supreme court overturned the decisions in the women's march case). 2020;

Mediazona. Митинг солидарности с задержанными на женском марше в Бишкеке (The solidarity march with detainees at the women’s march in Bishkek). 2020;

Mustafa Yildirim. Düşünce özgürlüğü üzerine (About freedom of thought). Journal of Ankara University. 1999; 40:189-193.

Monica Macovei. Freedom of expression: a guide to the implementation of Article 10 of the European Convention on human rights. Human rights handbooks. 2001; No 2: 5-61.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Kyrgyzstan makes progress on media freedom says OSCE media freedom representative. 2013;

Our World in Date. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Cases: Kyrgyzstan. 2020;

Ozcan Ozbey. Avrupa insan hakları sözleşmesi ışığında ifade özgürlüğü kısıtlaması (Restrictions on freedom of expression concerning the european convention on human rights). TBB Journal. 2013; 106: 42-92.

Radio Liberty. Жүрүшкө чыккан активисттер кармалды (Activists who participated in the march were arrested). 2020; Москва: басмаканадагы Кыргызстандыктардын өмүрүн алган өрт (Moscow: the fire that took the lives of Kyrgyz people in the printing house). 2017;

Taskiner Ketenci and Metin Topuz. Aristoteles ve Augustinus’un insan anlayışları üzerine (On the conception of human in Aristotle and Augustine). Kaygi. 2013; 20: 1-18.

United Nation. Universal declaration of human rights. 1948;

U. Kh. Azimov, D. Sh. Sayakova. The right to freedom of peaceful assembly in the Kyrgyz Republic. 2012; 5-50, Министр культуры: готовы рассмотреть вопрос о восстановлении Миры Джангарачевой в должности (Ministry of culture: we are ready to consider the issue of reinstating Mira Dzangaracheva in office). 2019;

KG. Художницы против гендерного неравенства. «Кырк Чоро» хочет закрыть им рот (The women artists against gender inequality. “Kyrk Choro” wants to shut their mouth). 2019;

How to Cite
Eshnazarova, A. (2024). Problems in Women’s Access to Freedom of Expression and Peaceful Assembly in the Kyrgyz Society. Central Asian Journal of Social Sciences and History, 5(1), 42-50.